You want to build a website, so you start creating web pages on your computer.
Next, you need to publish them: you need to put those pages on a web server so that everyone would be able to view them.
To transfer the files from your computer to that web server, a special protocol (transfer method) is used: FTP - the File Transfer Protocol.
This protocol was designed to be able to handle big files; it can for example resume a transfer if it was interrupted in the middle.
The normal way to connect to your FTP server is to use an FTP client and to communicate via the FTP protocol. This is however not always possible:
- you may be behind a corporate firewall at work, which may block the FTP communications;
- you may be on holiday and connecting to the internet via a CyberCafe, where you may not be allowed to install an FTP client.
When you use this ftp client these problems are solved: you connect using a regular web browser, and
it translates your requests and takes care of the FTP communication.
Client also provides additional features, on top of the regular FTP features: the possibility to edit code using your web browser, to view the code with syntax highlighting, to upload-and-unzip archives, and to search for words on the FTP server.
Their meaning should be pretty straight-forward, but just in case, here are the conventions used:
Cancel and go back
Execute the action
Save the file
Refresh the page
All icons will also display a tooltip with additional information if you keep your mouse pointer on the button for a second, without clicking on it.
Try with this icon:
Note: these PNG icons have transparent regions which are not displayed correctly on Internet Explorer on this Help page: the transparent regions appear as grey.
This is a bug specific to Internet Explorer; refer to the Microsoft website
for more details.
Enter your FTP details provide: server, username and password.
The FTP server name can be "youraccount.orgfree.com" or "yourdomain.com" if you have your own domain name.
The first time you log in, you will see the contents of the root directory "/".
To go to a subdirectory, simply click on the subdirectory's name.
To go up to the parent directory, click on the top row with the label Up.
If you don't know your FTP details then go to account manager or
If you know the name of the subdirectory you want to go to, you can also enter that name directly in the textbox on top of the page, and press ENTER.
If you don't know the name exactly, click on .
A window will pop up, which allows you to browse the FTP server and choose a directory.
Double-click on a subdirectory to go to that subdirectory. To go up, double-click on "..".
Once you are in the subdirectory you wanted to find, click on Choose.
The subdirectory name will be copied from the popup to the main window.
On the Browse Screen, click on the Upload button to go to the Upload Screen.
There is one column on the left to upload files, and there can also be a right column to upload-and-unzip archives.
Click on the Browse button to specify which file on your computer you want to upload or upload-and-unzip to the FTP server.
Once you are ready to start the upload, click on .
The result screen will tell you if the upload was successful or not.
To upload a file, you need write permissions on that directory of the FTP server.
The file should also not be too big, as on most web servers the execution time of a script may be limited to 30 seconds.
To download a file, simply click on its filename.
To zip-and-download files and directories, select them on the Browse Screen and click on Download.
The directories and their contents will be retrieved and zipped.
A popup window will ask you where you would like to save the Zip file on your computer.
Note that if the files inside are too big, the script will timeout and you won't be able to download anything.
If this happens, try again with less directories and omit those which contain big files.
You can also zip files and email them in attachment, or save them on the FTP server.
On the Browse Screen, select the directories and files and click on Zip.
On the Browse Screen, click on the View link on the same line as the filename.
On the Browse Screen, click on the Edit link on the same line as the filename.
Edit the text and press to save the changes (you'll need write permissions for that).
Depending on the type of file you're editing, alternative textareas can be used:
- For HTML files, there are 2 WYSIWYG (What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get) textareas: FCKEditor and TinyMCE.
Select some files or directories and click on the Copy, Move or Delete button.
If you copy or move, then choose the target directory.
This can be different for each directory or file that you selected.
To set all target directories to the same value, enter the target directory in the top textbox and click on the button "Set all targetdirectories".
If you don't know the exact name of the target directory, click on . A window will pop up, which allows you to browse the FTP server and choose a directory. Double-click on a subdirectory to go to that subdirectory. To go up, double-click on "..". Once you are in the subdirectory you wanted to find, click on Choose. The subdirectory name will be copied from the popup to the main window.
To copy or move files to a second FTP server, enter the FTP server name, username and password on top.
You need write permissions to be able to copy or move files to a directory.
Once you are ready, click on .
The result screen will tell you if the action was successful or not.
If the files were too big, the script will run until the timeout is reached.
On most web servers the execution time of a script is limited to 30 seconds.
Select directories or files and click on Rename on the Browse Screen.
The next screen will ask for the new names.
Fill these in and click on .
Select directories or files and click on Chmod on the Browse Screen.
The next screen show the current permissions; select or unselect the checkboxes which represent a permission.
Click on .
Note that for the moment directories are not chmodded recursively -- subdirectories and files will remain unaffected.
Most actions can be executed with the keyboard.
On Windows, use ALT + a letter. On Apple computers, use CTRL + a letter.
On Internet Explorer, ALT + a letter will only focus on the page element; press ENTER to execute the action.
Which letter can be used is shown in the tooltip.
For example: to go back, the tooltip is "Back (accesskey b)".
To display a tooltip, leave your mouse cursor for a few seconds over an icon or link without clicking it.
Internet Explorer, Netscape and Mozilla browsers support Access Keys, but Opera doesn't.